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艾正涛

发布于:2019-05-17 星期五 16:50:35 点击数:1610

艾正涛博士的研究兴趣为建筑环境健康与安全领域的交叉学科关键基础问题,致力于助力实现健康建筑和健康城市,具体研究方向包括传染病人际间交叉感染与监测预警、人体微环境及其个性化控制、街谷微气候与建筑空气动力学、建筑通风节能策略与技术等。在高密高层建筑通风与污染物室内外耦合传播、呼吸道传染病人际间非稳态传播、高能效建筑通风技术方面取得一定成果。围绕健康建筑和健康城市国家战略需求,正在主持国家自然科学基金1项和湖南大学启动基金1项,正参与IEA-EBC Annex 80和丹麦Ramboll基金等国际合作项目。本课题组正积极招收暖通、建筑、微生物、公共卫生等背景的硕士、博士及博士后。


基本信息

姓名:艾正涛

学位:博士

职称:教授、博士生导师

研究领域:建筑环境健康与安全

通讯地址:湖南省长沙市岳麓区麓山南路湖南大学土木工程学院,410082

邮箱:zhengtaoai@hnu.edu.cn

教育背景

2012.07 - 2015.05,香港理工大学屋宇设备工程系,博士 (导师:Cheuk-ming Mak教授, Jianlei Niu讲座教授, Kenny Kwok教授 (悉尼大学))

2008.09 - 2011.03,同济大学供热供燃气通风及空调工程系,硕士 (导师:李峥嵘教授)

2009.09 - 2010.08,香港理工大学屋宇设备工程系,硕士交流学习

2004.09 - 2008.06,西南交通大学建筑环境与设备工程系,学士

2008.02 - 2008.06,新加坡淡马锡理工学院燃料电池中心,本科交流学习

工作履历

2019.05 - 至今,湖南大学建筑环境与能源工程系,教授、博士生导师、岳麓学者

2016.10 - 2019.04,丹麦技术大学国际室内环境与能源中心,欧盟玛丽居里学者 (合作教授:Arsen Melikov教授)

2015.05 - 2016.10, 香港理工大学屋宇设备工程系,博士后研究员 (合作教授:Cheuk-ming Mak教授)

2011.09 - 2012.05, 香港理工大学屋宇设备工程系,研究助理

学术兼职

[6] 国际期刊Energy and Built Environment助理编辑Assistant Editor

[5] 国际室内空气品质与气候学会(ISIAQ)会员

[4] 欧盟玛丽居里学委会(MCAA)会员

[3] Indoor Air、Healthy Buildings、华人能源与人工环境等国际会议学术委员会委员、会场主席

[2] 比利时FWO等国家基金申请书国际通信评审人

[1] 建筑环境健康与节能领域20SCI期刊及包括Indoor Air在内的多个国际会议审稿人

研究领域

健康建筑和健康城市是国家高质量发展战略和健康中国战略的重要内容和实现载体。随着城镇化的快速推进及航空铁路运输的迅猛发展,城市建筑变得又高又密,空气流通性越来越差,加之城市人口密度大、流动性高,为健康建筑和健康城市带来严峻挑战。一方面,低空气流通性和高人员流动性极有利于呼吸道传染病的扩散,威胁居民健康和公共安全;另一方面,低空气流通性的城市环境不利于污染物在街谷中的稀释,为建筑室内环境造成恶劣的通风边界条件。聚焦建筑环境面临的这两方面问题,通过学科交叉研究,结合工程科学的“源头治理”和医学的“预防优先”思想和方法,从人与周围环境相互作用关系的角度开展基础研究,并发展健康建筑环境高效营造和维持的创新解决方法和技术。具体研究重点包括:

(1)传染病人际间交叉感染与监测预警

(2)人体微环境及其个性化控制

(3)街谷微气候与建筑空气动力学

(4)建筑通风节能策略与技术


科研项目

[12] 国家自然科学青年基金(51908203),短期事件中传染病空气传播规律及时均暴露剂量不确定性研究,2020-2022,在研,主持

[11] 湖南大学科研启动基金,建筑环境健康与节能,2019起,在研,主持

[10] 国际能源署,IEQ-EBC ANNEX80Resilient Cooling for Residential and Small Commercial Buildings, 2019-2023在研,主研

[9] 丹麦Ramboll基金,Improved methodology for CO2 based design of building ventilation2018-2020,在研,参与

[8] 丹麦技术大学和欧盟玛丽居里行动计划联合资助(FP7/2007-2013: No.609405), Dynamics and time scales of airborne transmission in indoor environments, 2016-2019, 已结题,主持

[7] 联合国食品和农业组织(FAO)Community-level risks of aerosolized transmission of zoonotic HPAI H5N1 in farms and live bird markets (LBMs)2015-2018,已结题,主研

[6] 香港-环境及自然保育基金(ECF 18/2014)Envelope design to improve ventilation performance of residential buildings in dense urban environment2015-2017,已结题,主研

[5] 香港-大学教育资助委员会(RGC-CRF: No. C5002-14GF)Development of design methodologies for the improvement of wind and thermal comfort in the urban environment2015-2018,已结题,主研

[4] 香港-环境及自然保育基金(ECF 23/2011)Green features for sustainable daylighting design in buildings2013-2015,已结题,参与

[3] 香港-环境及自然保育基金(ECF 23/2009)Green features for improvement of air quality in buildings2011-2013,已结题,主研

[2] 香港理工大学基金(PolyU: GU841)Prediction of flow-generated noise produced by in-duct rigid spoilers using Computational Fluid Dynamics2011-2013,已结题,参与

[1] 香港理工大学基金(PolyU: SURF No. 1-ZV4S)Development of designed features for sustainable green buildings2009-2012,已结题,主研

学术成果

在高密度高层建筑通风与污染物室内外耦合传播以及人际间交叉感染与人员吸入暴露方面取得一定成果,改进了针对高密度建筑通风与污染物传播的预测方法,揭示了高密度建筑室内外气流和污染物动态交换机理,建立了短期事件传染病空气传播的实验研究方法和评估模型,揭示了不同人群和特定场合的交叉感染特征和防控重点,发展了居住建筑空调期机械通风新方法;主持/主研欧盟及香港资助的科研项目10余项,共发表学术论文60余篇,其中SCI论文42篇,作特邀报告10次(含荷兰埃因霍温技术大学Bert Blocken教授邀请报告和ISHVAC2019 Workshop邀请报告),香港理工大学公开讲座4次,入选欧盟玛丽居里学者(2016)和湖南大学岳麓学者(2019)。

【期刊论文】

[42] Z.T. Ai*, T. Huang, A.K. Melikov, 2019, Airborne transmission of exhaled droplet nuclei between occupants in a room with horizontal air distribution. Building and Environment, Accepted.

[41] Z.T. Ai*, K. Hashimoto, A.K. Melikov, 2019, Influence of pulmonary ventilation rate and breathing cycle period on the risk of cross-infection. Indoor Air, Accepted.

[40] P. Xue, Z.T. Ai*, D.J. Cui, W. Wang, 2019. A grey box modeling method for fast predicting buoyancy-driven natural ventilation rates through multi-opening atriums, Sustainability, 11(12): 3239.

[39] Z.T. Ai*, K. Hashimoto, A.K. Melikov, 2019. Airborne transmission between room occupants during short-term events: measurement and evaluation. Indoor Air, 29(2019), 563-576.

[38] D.J. Cui, G. Hu, Z.T. Ai, Y.X. Du, C.M. Mak, K. Kwok, 2019. Particle image velocimetry measurement and CFD simulation of pedestrian level wind environment around U-type street canyon. Building and Environment, 154, 239-251.

[37] S. Zhang, Z. Lin, Z.T. Ai, C. Huan, Y. Cheng, F. Wang, 2019. Multi-criteria performance optimization for operation of stratum ventilation under heating mode. Applied Energy, 239, 969-980.

[36] Y.W. Dai, C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, 2019. Flow and dispersion in coupled outdoor and indoor environments: issue of Reynolds number independence. Building and Environment, 150, 119-134.

[35] S. Zhang, Z. Lin, Z.T. Ai, F. Wang, Y. Cheng, C. Huan, 2019. Effects of operation parameters on performances of stratum ventilation for heating mode. Building and Environment, 148, 55-66.

[34] D.J. Cui, Z.T. Ai*, C.M. Mak, K.C.S. Kwok, P. Xue, 2018. The influence of envelope features on interunit dispersion around a naturally ventilated multi-story building. Building Simulation, 11(6), 1245-1253.

[33] Z.T. Ai*, A.K. Melikov, 2018. Airborne spread of expiratory droplet nuclei between the occupants of indoor environments: a review. Indoor Air, 28(4), 500-524.

[32] Y.W. Dai, C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, J. Hang, 2018. Evaluation of computational and physical parameters influencing CFD simulations of pollutant dispersion in building arrays. Building and Environment, 137, 90-107.

[31] Y.X. Du, C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, 2018. Modelling of pedestrian level wind environment on a high-quality mesh: A case study for the HKPolyU campus. Environmental Modelling & Software, 103, 105-119.

[30] Y.W. Dai, C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, 2018. Computational fluid dynamics simulation of wind-driven inter-unit dispersion around multi-storey buildings: Upstream building effect. Indoor and Built Environment. In press.

[29] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2018. Wind-induced single-sided natural ventilation in buildings near a long street canyon: CFD evaluation of street configuration and envelope design. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 172, 96-106.

[28] Y.X. Du, C.M. Mak, K.C.S. Kwok, K.T. Tse, T.C. Lee, Z.T. Ai, J.L. Liu, J.L. Niu, 2017. New criterion for assessing low wind environment at pedestrian level in Hong Kong. Building and Environment, 123, 23-36.

[27] D.J. Cui, C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, K.C.S. Kwok, X.Z. Meng, J.L. Niu, 2017. On-site evaluation of pedestrian-level air quality at a semi-closed U-type street canyon in an ancient city. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 168, 322-333.

[26] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, H.M. Wong, 2017. Noise level and its influences on dental professionals in a dental hospital in Hong Kong. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology, DOI: 10.1177/0143624417705529.

[25] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2017. CFD simulation of flow in a long street canyon under a perpendicular wind direction: Evaluation of three computational settings. Building and Environment, 114, 293-306.

[24] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2016. Short-term mechanical ventilation of air-conditioned residential buildings: A general design framework and guidelines. Building and Environment, 108, 12-22.

[23] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, D.J. Cui, P. Xue, 2016. Ventilation of air-conditioned residential buildings: A case study in Hong Kong. Energy and Buildings 127, 116-127.

[22] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, H.C. Lee, 2016. Roadside air quality and implications for control measures: A case study of Hong Kong. Atmospheric Environment 137, 6-16.

[21] D.J. Cui, C.M. Mak, K.C.S. Kwok, Z.T. Ai, 2016. CFD simulation of the effect of an upstream building on the interunit dispersion in a multistory building in two wind directions. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 150, 31-41.

[20] P. Xue, C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, 2016. A structured approach to overall environmental satisfaction in high-rise residential buildings. Energy and Buildings 116, 181-189.

[19] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2016. Large eddy simulation of wind-induced interunit dispersion around multistory buildings. Indoor Air, 26:259-273.

[18] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2015. From street canyon microclimate to indoor environmental quality in naturally ventilated urban buildings: Issues and possibilities for improvement. Building and Environment 94, 489-503.

[17] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2015. Comparison of single-sided ventilation characteristics between single-storey and multi-storey buildings due to wind effect. Special issue of Indoor Air 2014, International Journal of Ventilation 14(2), 181-190.

[16] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2015. Large-eddy simulation of flow and dispersion around an isolated building: Analysis of influencing factors. Computers and Fluids 118, 89-100.

[15] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, D.J. Cui, 2015. On-site measurements of ventilation performance and indoor air quality in naturally ventilated high-rise residential buildings in Hong Kong. Indoor and Built Environment 24(2), 214-224.

[14] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2014. Potential of using reduced-scale models in CFD simulations in saving numerical resources: Theoretical analysis and case study for flow around an isolated building. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 134, 25-29.

[13] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2014. A study of interunit dispersion around multistory buildings with single-sided ventilation under different wind directions. Atmospheric Environment 88, 1-13.

[12] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2014. Modelling of coupled urban wind flow and indoor air flow on a high-density near-wall mesh: sensitivity analyses and case study for single-sided ventilation. Environmental Modelling and Software 60, 57-68.

[11] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2014. Analysis of fluctuating characteristics of wind-induced airflow through a single opening using LES modeling and the tracer gas technique. Building and Environment 80, 249-258.

[10] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2014. Determination of single-sided ventilation rates in multistory buildings: Evaluation of methods. Energy and Buildings 69, 292-300.

[9] Z.R. Li, Z.T. Ai*, W.J. Wang, Z.R. Xu, X.Z. Gao, H.S. Wang, 2014. Evaluation of airflow pattern in wind-driven naturally ventilated atrium buildings: measurement and simulation. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology 35(5), 139-154.

[8] C.M. Mak, X. Wang and Z.T. Ai, 2014. Prediction of flow noise from in-duct spoilers using Computational Fluid Dynamics. Applied Acoustics 76, 386-390.

[7] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, J.L. Niu, 2013. Numerical investigation of wind-induced airflow and interunit dispersion characteristics in multistory residential buildings. Indoor Air 23, 417-429.

[6] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2013. CFD simulation of flow and dispersion around an isolated building: Effect of inhomogeneous ABL and near-wall treatment. Atmospheric Environment 77, 568-578.

[5] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2013. Pressure losses across multiple fittings in ventilation ducts. The Scientific World Journal, Article ID 195763, Doi:10.1155/2013/195763.

[4] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, J.L. Niu, Z.R. Li, 2011. Effect of balconies on thermal comfort in wind-induced, naturally-ventilated low-rise buildings. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology 32(3), 277-292.

[3] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, J.L. Niu, Z.R. Li, 2011. The assessment of the performance of balconies using computational fluid dynamics. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology 32(3), 229-243.

[2] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, J.L. Niu, Z.R. Li, Q. Zhou, 2011. Effect of balconies on ventilation performance of low-rise buildings. Indoor and Built Environment 20(6), 649-660.

[1] W. Zhang, C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, W.M. Siu, 2011. A study of the ventilation and thermal comfort of the environment surrounding a new university building under construction. Indoor and Built Environment 21(4), 568-582. 

【会议论文】

[25] Z.T. Ai, 2019. “室内外耦合环境中气流和污染物传播的雷诺数独立问题”,第一届华人能源与人工环境国际学术会议,2019年7月19-22日,成都。

[24] Z.T. Ai, 2019. “居住建筑空调期通风初探”,通风空调气流组织研讨会,绿色建筑与人居环境营造国际合作联合实验室,2019年7月16-18日,重庆。

[23] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2019. Natural ventilation in multi-story buildings near street canyon. The 15th International Conference on Wind Engineering, 1-6 September 2019, Beijing, China.

[22] Z.T. Ai, A.K. Melikov, 2019. Characteristics of airborne transmission between occupants indoor during short-term events. The 11th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (ISHVAC), 12-15 July 2019, Harbin, China.

[21] K. Hashimoto, Z.T. Ai, A.K. Melikov, 2019. Airborne transmission during short-term events under stratum ventilation. The 13th REHVA World Congress CLIMA, 26-29 May 2019, Bucharest, Romania.

[20] T. Huang, Z.T. Ai, A.K. Melikov, 2019. Characteristics of airborne transmission under stratum ventilation. The 13th REHVA World Congress CLIMA, 26-29 May 2019, Bucharest, Romania.

[19] Z.T. Ai, G.Q. Zhang, 2018. Short-term mechanical ventilation of air-conditioned residential buildings: case study and general design framework. The 39th AIVC – 7th TightVent & 5th venticool Conference, 18-19 September 2018, Juan-les-Pins, France.

[18] Z.T. Ai, A.K. Melikov, 2018. The relationship between airborne cross-infection risk and separation distance between occupants indoors: a review and some new findings. 15th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, 22-27 July 2018, Philadelphia, USA.

[17] D.J. Cui, G. Hu, Z.T. Ai, K.C.S. Kwok, C.M. Mak, 2018. Wind tunnel experiment and CFD simulation on pollutant inter-unit dispersion in U-type street canyons. 15th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, 22-27 July 2018, Philadelphia, USA.

[16] Z.T. Ai, A.K. Melikov, 2018. The influence of indoor air distribution on airborne spread of expiratory droplet nuclei between occupants: a review and some new findings. Roomvent & Ventilation 2018, 2-5 June 2018, Espoo, Finland.

[15] K.W. Ma, C.M. Mak, H.M. Wong, Z.T. Ai, 2018. Effects of noise on dental professionals in a dental hospital in Hong Kong. 4th International Conference on Building Energy, Environment (COBEE 2018), 5-9 February 2018, Melbourne, Austrialia.

[14] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, D. Yang, H.M. Wong, 2017. CFD simulation of natural ventilation in urban buildings due to wind effect. The European Conference on Sustainability, Energy & the Environment, 7-9 July 2017, Brighton, UK.

[13] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, H.M. Wong, 2017. Evaluation of computational domain on CFD simulation of flow in a long street canyon under a perpendicular wind direction. 7th European and African Conference on Wind Engineering (EACWE 2017), 4-7 July 2017, Liege, Belgium.

[12] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, 2016. On-site evaluation of ventilation strategies in air-conditioned residential buildings. 14th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, 3-8 July 2016, Ghent, Belgium.

[11] Y.X. Du, C.M. Mak, K.C.S. Kwok, K.T. Tse, Z.T. Ai, J.L. Niu, Y.W. Dai, 2016. Wind tunnel study of pedestrian level wind environment: Effects of building lift-up design. 14th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, 3-8 July 2016, Ghent, Belgium.

[10] D.J. Cui, C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, K.C.S. Kwok, 2016. On-site measurement of urban environmental quality for two different building configurations. 14th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, 3-8 July 2016, Ghent, Belgium.

[9] Z.T. Ai, D.J. Cui, C.M. Mak, 2016. Effect of upstream building and envelope features on natural ventilation performance of multistory building. 4th Annual Conference on Engineering and Information Technology, 29-31 March 2016, Kyoto, Japan.

[8] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, Prediction of single-sided natural ventilation performance in multistory buildings. 19th National Academic Conference on Heating, Ventilation, Air-conditioning and Refrigeration, 27-31 October 2014, Tianjin, China.

[7] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, Fluctuating behaviors of airflow through a single opening due to turbulent wind. 6th International Symposium on Computational Wind Engineering, 8-12 June 2014, Hamburg, Germany.

[6] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, D.J. Cui, Comparison of single-sided ventilation characteristics between single-room and multistory buildings due to wind effect. 13th International Conferences on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. 7-12 July 2014, Hong Kong.

[5] D.J. Cui, C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, 2014. Effect of an upstream building on natural ventilation performance of multistory buildings, 13th International Conferences on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. 7-12 July 2014, Hong Kong.

[4] C.M. Mak, Z.T. Ai, J.L. Niu, D.J. Cui, Numerical study of the effect of the size of balconies on natural ventilation performance, International Symposium on Public Health and Environmental Protection (PHEP), 28-29 May 2012, Macau.

[3] C. Li, Z.R. Li, W.X. Yao, Z.T. Ai, Effect of building manager’s behavior on energy use in public buildings, 7th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning – Proceedings of ISHVAC 2011, 6-9 November 2011, Shanghai, China.

[2] Z.T. Ai, C.M. Mak, J.L. Niu, Z.R. Li, Q. Zhou, Numerical analysis of effect of balconies on wind-induced natural ventilation on low-rise buildings, Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Sustainable Urbanization, 15-17 December 2010, Hong Kong.

[1] Z.R. Li, Z.T. Ai, S. Yu, P. Li, The impact of shading on building daylighting and energy consumption, 6th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning, 6-9 November 2009, Nanjing, China.

奖励与荣誉

[1] 玛丽居里学者,欧盟研资局,2016

[2] 岳麓学者,湖南大学,2019